Acne is a condition that causes a patient to become self-conscious about their skin. This condition affects how smooth your skin looks. You have acne mainly because there is clogging in the hair follicles under your skin. Skin clogging could be due to excess sebum production. Your Adult and Pediatric Dermatology Forest Hills doctor will perform a thorough skin evaluation to understand the type of acne you have and the underlying cause to develop a suitable treatment approach to address your concerns.

How does your skin become clogged?

Your skin produces sebum to prevent drying out, which may cause an unattractive look. Excess sebum production could be the reason your pores are clogged. However, dead skin cells may also plug your pores leading to acne development. Acne patients complain about acne on their faces. However, this condition may also affect your chest, back, and shoulders. Effective acne treatment will depend on the location and severity of your concerns for achieving desired outcomes. Even if you go with the best acne scar treatment, many factors will still affect the results. Effective acne treatment will depend on the location and severity of your concerns for achieving desired outcomes.

Skin anatomy

Acne is an inflammatory condition affecting your skin. Understanding skin anatomy is relevant in appreciating the cause and potential treatment approach to fix acne concerns. Your skin has oil glands connecting to hair follicles. These sebaceous glands produce sebum that travels through pores to the skin’s surface. Excess sebum production may lead to pore blockages causing acne.

Your hair follicles have a skin cell lining involving keratinocytes. During skin cell shedding, keratinocytes rise to the skin surface. Acne occurs when hair, sebum, and shed skin cells stick together inside the opening in the follicle.

What are the effects of acne?

This inflammatory disorder of the skin limits skin shedding and moisturization. It is important to seek emergency treatment for your acne to prevent adversities like inflammation, redness, swelling, heat, and pain. Some patients also develop pimples and lesions associated with their acne due to the breaking down of clogged hair follicles.

The significance of acne treatment

Acne affecting teenagers and pregnant women may resolve without treatment due to restored hormone balance. However, you may need to address underlying concerns if you have persistent acne. Early and effective treatment of acne is critical in preventing adversities like scarring and preserving skin flawlessness.

The acne treatment your doctor recommends will develop depending on the type of concerns you have. The following are the most popular types of acne affecting patients:

  • Whiteheads: You will notice white bumps on your skin due to clogged hair follicles under your skin.
  • Blackheads: Plugged hair follicles may penetrate your pores and appear on the skin’s surface. Their dark color happens when air interacts with sebum causing discoloration.
  • Papules: Some patients develop inflamed lesions on their skin due to untreated acne. These small, pink bumps on the skin are painful, especially upon touch.
  • Pustules or pimples: You may notice white or yellow pus-filled lesions with a red base, requiring acne treatment.
  • Nodules: These large nodules develop deep within the skin and may cause underlying skin concerns unless you get immediate treatment.
  • Severe nodular acne: Cystic acne is another name for these painful, pus-filled lesions.

Contact Adult and Pediatric Dermatology to undergo effective acne treatment and restore your self-confidence.