What Makes a City a Cultural Capital of the World

A cultural capital is a district that has acclaimed itself in the world of customs, literature, rituals, music, arts, sports, architecture, and various cultural aspects. Similarly, some cities become cultural essences of their nations and fascinate people worldwide.

A city’s cultural personality is a vital element that defines its status among other regions. A cultural capital is a city that demonstrates innovation, diversity, and creativity at its depth. 

Furthermore, the term “cultural capital” was introduced by French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu, he describes it as the privilege of access to keys of extreme culture experienced by the aristocracy, who usually held the power of economic resources.

Every society is built up of various cultures and traditions. But certain factors of culture have immensely influenced people. Bourdieu gives three prime factors: Embodied, objectified, and Institutionalized Capital.

Moreover, cities are well known to attain the attention of tourists from diverse parts of the world with a broad range of interests induced by the craving to experience what they offer. From natural architecture to ancient sites and different cultures, these are the primary reasons that attract people and eventually design the identity of a city.

However, apart from the physical and original landmarks, cities possess a rare cultural identity that makes them unique from others like entertainment, dress, a particular dialect, knowledge, etc. This cultural lavishness sets a city as a cultural capital of the world, a highly desired tag.

In this blog, we will dig deep into what makes a city the world’s cultural capital with different city examples.

Elements of a Cultural Capital

Some of the significant elements that have been observed in a city to title it a cultural capital are mentioned below:

1. Rich background and heritage

One’s city’s rich history and heritage usually build the foundation of its cultural importance. The city’s ancient history includes noteworthy experiences, architecture, and monuments that marked the city as a unique and remarkable place. 

For example, Paris is well-known for its magnificent Eiffel Tower, which has become a recognizable cultural symbol of the French capital.

2. Lively arts and Entertainment site

Another element that sets a city as a cultural capital. The city’s cultural events, carnivals, and institutions turn it into a hub for performers, artists, and fans of all genres.

At times, the city’s arts and entertainment circumstances also have a role in depicting diverse and dynamic characters.

Bucharest, the capital of Romania, is famous for its vibrant arts and entertainment events. The city has a robust performing arts scene, which is liked by both visitors and locals. The city has historic and modern locations that set the floor for all performing arts.

Also, Bucharest Film Studios is the heart of Bucharest, Europe’s most significant and prolonged established film studio. As a result, now people have a plenty of movies set in Romania. You can watch Hulu in Romania to experience the rich and incredible history of the city.

3. Accepting Diversity and Multiculturalism

Another reason that cities are cultural capitals is accepting diversity and multiculturalism. Besides, these cities enjoy and welcome various cultures, languages, and customs, marking them as a perfect place for people worldwide.

Although, different cultures fuse and create a rare, multicultural society. Melbourne, Australia, is an ideal illustration of a city embracing multiculturalism. There are 200 nationalities and restaurants in the city offering cuisines from around the world.

Melbourne’s culture and art events demonstrate this diversity, with different festivals and entertainment acknowledging different cultures that set up the city.

Whereas, Bucharest is also famous for its diversity and multiculturalism, with the population residing including Romanians, Hungarians, Roma, and various ethnic groups. The city also organizes a yearly event known as the Bucharest International Festival, which celebrates the world’s different cultures via music, dance, and theater.

4. Innovation and Creativity

The innovation and creativity are commonly illustrated in its arts and entertainment events, also in its landmarks and city planning. Although this kind of city is popular due to force the limitations of what is feasible, inventing technologies, businesses, and art forms.

For instance, San Fransico, California, is famous for its creative soul, which build up the reputation of being a cultural capital. As everyone knows, the city is the development house as the world’s top-tier tech companies like Google, Apple, and Facebook.

Additionally, the city is famous for its street art, which has converted the city into a canvas of creativity.

5. Economic Significance

Last but not least, the economic significance of a city also contributes to its cultural importance. Cities with a growing economy tend to gain attention worldwide, carrying the latest cultures, traditions, customs, and ideas. And these cities become the core of business, creativity, and innovation.

For example, London, UK, is famous for its economic significance as an international financial part. The city’s booming. The economy has assisted in creating it as a cultural capital, with people worldwide converging its dynamic arts and entertainment events.

Additionally, London is home to a few of the world’s most popular museums, art galleries, and theaters, whereas its nightlife is fuzzed with various cultures.


A cultural capital represents cities that embrace creativity, innovation, and diversity. However, these cities are rare and usually characterized by their elite history, energetic arts, and entertainment events, multiculturalism, and economic influence.

Bucharest and other cities have gained a reputation as the world’s cultural capital by attracting millions of people every year.