Professional cleaning is the most effective therapy for gingivitis (early-stage gum disease). Plaque and tartar in difficult-to-reach regions can be detected and removed in good time by your dental care professional. Once these chemicals are removed, your gums will recover on their own, with no more treatment required. Your dentist will also recommend strategies you should use at home to prevent early-stage gum disease Richmond from reoccurring.
An overview of gum diseases
Gingivitis is an infection of the gums that is mainly caused by bacteria. Left untreated, it may progress to periodontitis, a more severe illness.
- Swollen, bleeding gums are symptoms of early-stage gum disease (gingivitis). Some patients have no symptoms. Also, it is reversible if treated promptly.
- Advanced gum disease (periodontitis) develops when the inner layer of your gums peels away from the teeth, forming pockets. This condition is characterized by bone loss that supports your teeth.
Common causes of gum disease
Gum disease is typically caused by plaque buildup on teeth and along your gum line. Plaque is a bacteria-containing sticky covering. With an inflammatory response, your immune system attempts to remove plaque. This is characterized by redness and swelling of the gums surrounding the tooth.
Everyone’s mouth contains a variety of microorganisms. Some of these bacteria continually create plaque when you feed on the sugars in the meals and drinks you ingest. Plaque creates an ideal habitat for germs that cause gum disease and tooth decay to thrive and reproduce. If left untreated, gingivitis can lead the gums to separate from your teeth. This might cause:
- Injury to your soft tissue and bone supporting the teeth.
- Your tooth gets loose and unstable.
- The loss of your tooth if the infection progresses.
How to diagnose gum diseases
Dental professionals check for indicators of gum infections during a dental check-up. If your gums become swollen or bleed easily, it might be due to gingivitis. Your dental care professional will utilize a probe to examine for cavities. Gingivitis doesn’t affect the bone surrounding your teeth and, therefore, typically can’t be diagnosed from dental x-rays.
What occurs if your teeth fall out?
If you lose teeth, solutions, such as dental implants, can restore your smile’s natural appearance. Dental implants are non-removable devices that look and feel like teeth. Dental implants are similar to joint replacements in that they merge with your jawbone. The operation to insert them is usually quick and painless.
How to prevent gum diseases
Brushing your teeth regularly helps to prevent gum disease by eliminating the plaque that causes it. Always keep in mind to:
- Brush your teeth and gum line twice daily, in the morning and before bedtime.
- Use a toothbrush with a tiny head and soft bristles, as well as fluoride toothpaste from the age of 18 months.
- Use floss, interdental brushes, or another item prescribed by an oral health expert to clean between your teeth.
- Clean your dentures every day. Plaque can readily accumulate on dentures, increasing your chances of developing gum disease surrounding your natural teeth.
The impact of periodontal disease on oral health is determined by the severity of the illness and the treatments you get. Seeing a periodontist and following their care guidelines increases your chances of success. Call Juan M. Carrillo, DMD, to schedule your appointment today to find out which gum disease treatments suit you.