How does Hair Transplant Work?

Hair loss can significantly impact a person’s self-esteem and confidence. A hair transplant is a surgical procedure to address hair loss and restore a natural hairline. It involves the transplantation of hair follicles from a donor area to the recipient area, typically the balding or thinning areas of the scalp. The procedure has evolved, and today’s techniques offer more natural-looking results.

Procedure of Hair Transplant

To give an overview of the hair transplant surgery, here’s a step-by-step explanation of how a hair transplant works:

Initial Consultation

The process begins with a consultation with a qualified hair transplant surgeon. During this consultation, the surgeon assesses the patient’s hair loss pattern, examines the donor and recipient areas, and discusses the patient’s goals and expectations. Based on this evaluation, the surgeon recommends the most suitable hair transplant technique.

Donor Area Selection

In a hair transplant, hair follicles from a “donor area” are harvested for transplantation. The donor area is usually the back or sides of the scalp, where hair is genetically resistant to balding. This ensures the transplanted hair is also resistant to balding in its new location.

Hair Follicle Harvesting

Two primary methods for harvesting hair follicles are Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT) and Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE).

  • FUT: In this method, a strip of scalp containing hair follicles is surgically removed from the donor area. The strip is dissected into individual follicular units, tiny groups of 1-4 hairs.
  • FUE: FUE involves the extraction of individual hair follicles directly from the donor area using a small punch tool. This method leaves small, circular scars less noticeable than the linear scar from FUT.

Recipient Area Preparation

Before transplanting the harvested hair follicles, the recipient area (balding or thinning area) is prepared by creating tiny incisions or “recipient sites.” These sites’ angle, direction, and density are crucial for achieving a natural-looking result.


The harvested hair follicles are meticulously transplanted into the recipient sites. This delicate process requires the surgeon’s expertise to ensure proper placement and alignment of the follicles. Single-hair follicles are often placed at the hairline for a natural appearance, while larger follicular units are placed behind to add density.

Healing and Recovery

After the procedure, the transplanted area will go through a healing phase. The tiny incisions in the donor and recipient areas will scab over and heal within a few days. Some shedding of the transplanted hairs is normal, and new hair growth will gradually begin within a few months.

Growth and Results

The transplanted hair follicles enter a growth phase, and new hair grows in the recipient area. Over several months, the hair becomes thicker and more natural-looking. Patients can expect to see full results within a year after the procedure.

It’s important to note that the success of a hair transplant depends on various factors, including the surgeon’s skill, the patient’s natural hair characteristics, before and after care. While a hair transplant can provide long-lasting and satisfying results, patients must have realistic expectations and follow the surgeon’s aftercare instructions.

Over to You

In conclusion, a hair transplant is a sophisticated procedure that involves the precise harvesting and transplantation of hair follicles to restore hair in areas affected by balding or thinning. Through advancements in techniques like FUT and FUE, patients can achieve natural-looking results and regain their confidence with a fuller head of hair. If you’re considering a hair transplant, consulting with a qualified and experienced surgeon is the first step toward achieving your desired outcome.