Choosing the Right Fabric Conveyor Belt for Your Application

Conveyor belts play a pivotal role in various industries, facilitating the movement of materials efficiently and reliably. Among the different types of conveyor belts available, fabric conveyor belts stand out for their versatility, cost-effectiveness, and adaptability to a wide range of applications. 

However, selecting the right fabric conveyor belt for your specific needs is crucial for ensuring optimal performance and cost-efficiency. 

In this article, we will delve into the intricacies of choosing the right fabric conveyor belt for your application, considering factors such as material type, load capacity, environment, and industry requirements.

Understanding Fabric Conveyor Belts

Fabric conveyor belts are constructed from multiple layers of fabric material, typically nylon or polyester, that are bonded together to create a durable and flexible belt. These belts are commonly used in industries like agriculture, mining, food processing, and manufacturing. 

They are renowned for their lightweight design, flexibility, and cost-effectiveness, making them a popular choice for various applications.

Material Type

The first and foremost factor to consider when choosing a fabric conveyor belt is the type of material you need to transport. Different materials have varying characteristics that affect the choice of belt. For instance:

a. Bulk Materials: If you’re conveying bulk materials like gravel, sand, or coal, a general-purpose fabric conveyor belt with good abrasion resistance is essential. EP (Polyester/Nylon) belts are suitable for these applications.

b. Food Handling: In the food industry, where hygiene is a top priority, belts with FDA-compliant covers are a must. They should also be easy to clean and resistant to oil and grease.

c. Agriculture: For agricultural applications, belts should have high cut and tear resistance to withstand the sharp edges of crops like corn, wheat, or rice.

d. Mining: In mining operations, fabric conveyor belts with excellent tensile strength and resistance to abrasion are necessary to handle heavy and abrasive materials.

By understanding the specific material characteristics, you can narrow down your options and choose a belt that best suits your application.

Load Capacity

Another crucial consideration is the load capacity of the conveyor belt. You need a belt that can handle the weight and volume of the materials you intend to transport. The load capacity is determined by factors such as belt width, number of fabric plies, and the type of fabric used.

If your application involves heavy loads, you may require a belt with multiple fabric plies to provide the necessary strength. Additionally, the choice of pulleys and belt width plays a significant role in determining the load-carrying capacity. A rule of thumb is to ensure that the belt’s working tension rating exceeds the maximum load it will encounter.

Environmental Conditions

The environment in which the conveyor belt operates greatly impacts its performance and longevity. Factors like temperature, humidity, and exposure to chemicals can affect the belt’s material properties and durability. Consider the following environmental factors:

a. Temperature Range: Conveyor belts may operate in extreme temperatures, whether in a freezing cold storage facility or a scorching manufacturing plant. Choose a belt that can withstand the temperature range of your environment.

b. Moisture and Humidity: If your application involves exposure to moisture, a belt with moisture-resistant properties or the ability to shed water effectively is necessary.

c. Chemical Exposure: In industries where conveyor belts come into contact with chemicals, the belt’s cover material must be chemically resistant to prevent degradation.

Industry Requirements

Different industries have specific requirements that need to be met by conveyor belts. Understanding these requirements is vital to ensure compliance and optimal performance. For example:

a. FDA Compliance: The food industry necessitates conveyor belts that are FDA-compliant and meet strict food safety standards.

b. Fire Resistance: In some industries, such as mining, fire-resistant conveyor belts are a requirement to mitigate fire hazards.

c. Static Conductivity: In applications where static electricity can pose a hazard, belts with antistatic properties may be necessary.

Selecting the appropriate conveyor belt that aligns with industry standards and regulations is vital for safety and compliance.

Belt Design and Cover Materials

The design of the conveyor belt, including the choice of cover materials, greatly influences its performance. Different cover materials offer varying degrees of resistance to factors like abrasion, chemicals, and heat. Common cover materials include:

a. Natural Rubber: Known for its excellent abrasion resistance, natural rubber is suitable for handling abrasive materials.

b. Synthetic Rubber: Synthetic rubber compounds offer versatility, allowing you to choose a cover material tailored to your application’s requirements.

c. PVC: PVC belts are commonly used in applications requiring resistance to oil and chemicals.

d. Heat-Resistant Compounds: For high-temperature applications, heat-resistant cover materials are crucial to prevent belt degradation.

The choice of cover material depends on the specific needs of your application. It’s essential to consult with a knowledgeable supplier to select the most appropriate cover material.


Choosing the right fabric conveyor belt for your application is a critical decision that impacts the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of your operations. Understanding the material type, load capacity, environmental conditions, industry requirements, and belt design is essential to make an informed choice.